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Jan Hájek

Analysis of Legislative Coalitions in the City Assemblies of Regional Capitals after the Municipal Elections of 2018 in the Czech Republic

(Analýza legislatívnych koalícií v obecných zastupiteľstvách hlavných krajských miest po obecných voľbách 2018 v Českej republike)

Politické vedy, Volume 25, Number 2/2022, pages 82-129

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24040/politickevedy.2022.25.2.82-129

FULL ARTICLE AVAILABLE HERE

Recommended form for quotation of the article / Odporúčaná forma citácie článku:

HÁJEK, J. 2022. Analysis of Legislative Coalitions in the City Assemblies of Regional Capitals after the Municipal Elections of 2018 in the Czech Republic. In Politické Vedy. Vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 82-129. ISSN 1335 – 2741. Available at: https://doi.org/10.24040/politickevedy.2022.25.2.82-129


ABSTRACT

The main purpose of this work was to analyse coalition practices in the city assemblies of regional capitals in the Czech Republic following the last municipal elections in 2018. The presented research aimed to analyse and described in detail the inner dynamics of the formation of party alliances at the local level, in this case represented by thirteen regional capitals and their city assemblies. General research found that there is a discrepancy between the theoretical assumptions of the theory of political coalitions and the coalition practice applied in the environment of the city assemblies of regional. The introduction of this article is followed by a part describing the methods of research, continues with theoretical part which focuses on the genesis of the theory of coalition and its outputs in the form of coalition typologies. Then we get to the analytical part that dealing with the application the theory of political coalitions to second order elections (local elections in the Czech Republic). The final part of the article contains a summary of coalition practice in the regional capitals in the Czech Republic and conclusion of this survey. The research proved that “deviant” coalitions must be regarded as a relevant alternative of minimal winning coalitions (primarily surplus majority coalitions are a frequent coalition type in city assemblies of regional capitals after the municipal elections 2018). It seems the political coalitions and alliances of local dimension are formed by specific factors, which distinguish coalitions practice in city assemblies of regional capitals from coalitions in the Chamber of Deputies.

Key words: coalition, local election, regional capital, city assembly, city counci

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