The Security Sector Reform of the Fragile State as a Tool for Conflict Prevention
(Reforma bezpečnostného sektora krehkého štátu ako nástroj na prevenciu konfliktov)
Politické vedy, Volume 24, Number 2/2021, pages 87-107
Recommended form for quotation of the article / Odporúčaná forma citácie článku:
Kompan. J. – Hrnčiar. M. 2021.The Security Sector Reform of the Fragile State as a Tool for Conflict Prevention. In Politické Vedy. [online]. Vol. 24, No. 2, 2021. ISSN 1335 – 2741, pp. 87-107. Available at: DOI: https://doi.org/10.24040/politickevedy.2021.24.2.87-107
Stabilization and Reconstruction was used as a tool primarily aimed at alleviating complex problems in fragile states during and after the crisis. This concept was a part of a comprehensive and integrated approach to crisis management by the international community and, when possible, it was managed by the host nation. The study has further developed the practical experience of the authors from their deployment in international crisis management operations. Hence, the study proposed the criteria for the success of the security sector reform as a part of wider efforts of Stabilization and Reconstruction of a fragile state. The potential of the concept of security sector reform as a tool of the international community for the prevention and resolution of emerging intrastate conflicts, was semantically and factually investigated. The results of the study point out nine conditions for a long-term sustainable peace ensured by security sector reform, eight principles of successful security sector reform and seven axioms of success of the “western-style” security sector reform concept. Those conditions, principles and axioms should be used as a guidance for achievement such a security state of the conflict-affected society, when the host nation security sector is able to provide such environment in the state that allows the host nation government to implement progressive economic and social development
Key words: security, stabilization and reconstruction, security sector reform, fragile state, stability.