Conceptualization of Terrorism as a Modern Form of Political Violence
(Konceptualizácia terorizmu ako modernej formy politického násilia)
Politické vedy, Volume 24, Number 2/2021, pages 108-124
Recommended form for quotation of the article / Odporúčaná forma citácie článku:
Trifunovic. D. – Kazanský.R. – Nečas. P. 2021.T Conceptualization of Terrorism as a Modern Form of Political Violence. In Politické Vedy. [online]. Vol. 24, No. 2, 2021. ISSN 1335 – 2741, pp. 108-124. Available at: DOI: https://doi.org/10.24040/politickevedy.2021.24.2.108-124
The aim of this article was to provide a new conceptual approach to the analysis of terrorism in Security studies. A new approach was presented in which the starting point of the analysis is the position of the victim, which distinguishes this work from the majority of authors that start their research from the position of the perpetrator of the crime. At the same time, the originality of this article is reflected in one innovative approach to the classification of terrorism. The basic classification was focused on internal and external terrorism with different types and subtypes. Key attention in this article was given to the link between terrorism and political violence. The political message sent by violence is an essential element of the crime of terrorism. To carry out any terrorist attack, all elements must be met. In addition to the operational possibility of carrying out a terrorist attack, the most important component is the motivation that in this case comes from the radical ideology of Islamists. The methods that were used in this research are literature review, methods of analysis and synthesis, and comparative methods.
Key words: terrorism, political violence, ideology, motivation, Security studies, conceptualization.