Vliv registrace na volební účast v USA: Komparativní perspektiva a případ státu Wisconsin
(Voters´ registration and its effect on turnout in USA: A comparative perspective and the state of Wisconsin case)
Politické vedy, Volume 24, Number 1/2021, pages 34-69
Recommended form for quotation of the article / Odporúčaná forma citácie článku:
Dominika Tlapáková – Daniel Šárovec. 2021. Vliv registrace na volební účast v USA: Komparativní perspektiva a případ státu Wisconsin. In Politické Vedy. [online]. Vol. 24, No. 1, 2021. ISSN 1335 – 2741, pp. 34-69. Available at: DOI: https://doi.org/10.24040/politickevedy.2021.24.1.34-69
IThe right to vote is one of the fundamental rights of citizens in democratic countries. In the United States of America, however, this action is preceded by the obligation to register. Election registrations are still seen as a limiting element of electoral law. This work aims to find out how the process of registration changed in the past. Another crucial question is what influenced the number of registered citizens and voter participation in the presidential elections in 2016. The first part deals with federal electoral registration reforms and looks at the current situation. The second part consists of research in which the relationship determination is utilized by the Pearson correlation coefficient. In addition to the comparison, the text chose to analyse the Wisconsin case. The work concludes that the ratio of registered age to eligible voters has not increased, although the demographic curve continues to rise. In the case of factors that may affect the number of the registered, the direct relationship has not been established. On the contrary, a direct correlation has been shown in the case of the same factors with the turnout in the presidential election year.
Key words: USA, elections, voter registration, voter turnout, voter reforms, same day registration, Election Day voter registration, voter barriers