Polish Diaspora in the US in the Process of Poland’s Accession to NATO
(Poľská diaspóra v USA v procese pristúpenia Poľska k Severoatlantickej aliancii)
Politické vedy, Volume 21, Number 4/2018, pages 178-207
Recommended form for quotation of the article / Odporúčaná forma citácie článku:
RACZYŃSKI, R. 2018. Polish Diaspora in the US in the Process of Poland’s Accession to NATO. In Politické vedy. [online]. Vol. 21, No. 4, 2018. ISSN 1335 – 2741, pp. 178‑207. Available at: http://doi.org/10.24040/politickevedy.2018.21.4.178-207
In recent years diasporas and their political impact have become an important research issue in political science and international relations science. At the turn of the 21st century, diasporas gained the status of important actors with impact both on the global politics, interstate relations and directions of domestic policies. One of the diasporas which in the 1990s actively participated in the American political life were Polish-Americans, with the reason being the intense efforts undertaken by Poland in 1992 to join NATO. The purpose of this article is to present the activities of the Polish Diaspora in the US undertaken in favour of the accession of Poland to the North Atlantic Alliance, analysed however not in the factual (historical) approach, but against the background of the theory developed so far regarding the functioning of diasporas and ethnic groups in the US political system. The article has been prepared with the use of the historical method, the comparative method and the behavioural method, the basis for its preparation was primarily literature on the subject, press materials, and source materials (letters, articles and publications) contained in the collection of documents after Jan Nowak- Jeziorański entitled Poland's road to NATO (Wrocław 2006). The conducted analysis indicates that the merits of Polish Americans for Poland's membership in NATO are invaluable and should be considered one of the most important achievements of the Polish Diaspora for the country of origin. The activities undertaken in 1993-1999 by Polish Americans are the most important but at the same time unfortunately also the isolated manifestation of the involvement and organized influence of the Polish ethnic group on shaping the American politics.
Key words: Polish diaspora in the US, Poland, NATO enlargement, Polish American Congress, political activity of diasporas, political activity of ethnic groups