Security of Europe in the Context of Migration Causes
(Bezpečnosť Európy v kontexte príčin migrácie)
Politické vedy, Volume 21, Number 2/2018, pages 159-177
Recommended form for quotation of the article / Odporúčaná forma citácie článku:
KEŠEĽ, J. – SEDLÁK, V. 2018. Security of Europe in the Context of Migration Causes. In Politické vedy. [online]. Vol. 21, No. 2, 2018. ISSN 1335 – 2741, pp. 159-177. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.24040/politickevedy.2018.21.2.159-177
Security as a general and basic human need resonates in recent years in European civilisation increasingly. In particular, an ambient of the nearby regions by its instability and conflict character and expansion of emigrants is causing the definite security concerns of citizens from the old continent. The current militant conflicts in the world and up-to-date migration of emigrants to Europe encourages the need of a deep analysis of the existence and direction of security at the global, regional, or also national level. The Schengen area at the turn of a half of the second decade of the 21st Century found itself in a complicated situation in which its security records serious threat. This was mainly due to extreme waves of immigration from the crisis countries such as Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan and other by crisis-affected countries. The article describes the possibility of the Schengen area disturbance by the current war and other militant conflicts in its near and distant surroundings. The current migration wave, which mass-hit states of the developed countries in Europe, raises heretofore-undefined security threats in the social, demographic and political spheres. It is already clear that this intolerable situation, by its extensibility can deform or destroy the European system of the limitless economic cooperation.
Key words: crisis, migration, Schengen area, security, European union